Home 1st Year English Notes 11th English Ruba’iyat Poem Explanation of All Stanzas

11th English Ruba’iyat Poem Explanation of All Stanzas


In this post, I am sharing the 1st Year English Ruba’iyat Poem Explanation of All Stanzas with reference to the context for class 11 students. This poem is based on the Rubaiyat of Allama Iqbal. There are 3 Stanzas (Rubiyat) in this poem. This is the 12th poem in the 11th English Book III. I have taken this Rubaiyat Poem Explanation of Stanzas notes from Kips Notes. 1st Year English Textbook 3 Punjab Board contains 3 Plays and 20 Poems. At ilmihub, all 1st year Plays and Poems notes are available. Students should also visit 11th English notes for Moral Stories, Letters, Pair of words, English Applications and other educational material which could be required for Intermediate part 1 students.

1st Year English Poem 12 Rubaiyat by Allama Muhammad Iqbal Explanation of Stanzas


These lines have been taken form the poem, “Ruba’iyat” by Allama Muhammad Iqbal.


The present state of Muslims is lamentable. They have become slaves to materialistic gains. They are devoid of love’s madness that brings courage, independence, and self-honour.

Explanation of (Stanza) Rubai No.1

In these lines the poet explains the concept of faith. Faith means total submission to the will of Allah Almighty. According to Tolstoy, “Faith is the force of life.” The poet describes that faith is actually self negation. In Allah’s love one forgets oneself and adapts oneself according to the will of Allah. Strong faith saves one from calamities as Hazrat Abraham (A.S) did not care for burning effect of fire in the love of Allah Almighty and remained safe and sound. The poet addresses the Muslims who have been attracted by the secondary attractions of the world and have become the slaves to their desires. The poet tells them that to lose faith in Allah Almighty is worse than slavery. He warns that their faithlessness will lead them to disgrace and destruction.

Critical Appreciation

The poet mentions the Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) as a symbol of the ideal faith in Allah. We find the rhyme scheme of a, a, b, a in these lines.

Explanation of (Stanza) Rubai No.2

Rubaiyat Poem Stanza 2 Explanation

The poet stresses the Islamic culture, Ideology and teachings can create harmony and unity among all nations. If the Non-Arab nations want to be harmonized and united, they have to follow the same set of ideas as followed by the Muslims. If the westerns or other nations enlighten their souls with Islamic spirit, they can find the secret of unity and harmony. The poet discloses the causes of disunity and disharmony of Europeans. He says that they are deprived of faith in Allah which they can find in Islamic teachings only. Europeans need to understand and follow the Meccan Civilization which will unfold the secret of harmony and unity to them.

Critical Appreciation

The poet uses the metaphor of Islam’s fire to indicate Islam’s power to be dissolve differences and unite different races. We find the rhyme scheme of a, a, b, a in these lines.

Explanation of (Stanza) Rubai No.3

Rubaiyat Poem Stanza 3 Explanation

Here the poet describes the causes of the Muslims’ decline. The poet says that the Muslims have lost the intensity of love for Allah Almighty. They have no deep love for Allah as their forefathers had. They have lost the spirit of Islam. They are deprived of the characteristics of their forefathers. Unity that was the prominent trait of their ancestors is absent among them. They are no more united. They have lost the spirit of brotherhood in their hearts. They are devoid of spiritual joy. Their prayers are ineffective. They are devoid of spiritual joy. They are the Muslims only by name. They have no real qualities of the Muslims.

Critical Appreciation

We find the rhyme scheme a, a, b, a in these lines.

Main Idea of the Ruba’iyat Poem

Faith is the force of life. A strong faith in Allah Almighty leads us to success. Unity lies in the teachings of Islam. The Muslims should revive faith and follow the dignified character of their ancestors.

Relevant Notes

  1. 1st Year Book 1 Notes
  2. 1st Year Textbooks PDF
  3. Ruba’iyat Poem Short Questions
  4. Ruba’iyat Poem MCQs
Load More In 1st Year English Notes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *