Essay on Democracy for Matric, Intermediate and Graduation | Merits and Demerits
In this essay on democracy, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of democracy in any country. We will try to find out that, is Democracy is the best form of Government? Democracy Essay is also very important for the Examinations of 10th class, 2nd Year and Graduation Annual Exams. Here you will find 2 examples of Essay For more English Essays you can go here.
Essay on Democracy Vs Dictatorship with Quotations and Outline
- A successful and popular form of government.
- A mechanism of choosing the representatives by voting.
- A change in government is brought about by peaceful methods.
- The guardian of fundamental rights.
- Causes of the weak democratic system.
- Dictatorship is the rule of one man.
Democracy is a successful popular form of government in modern times. It is a modern type of government where the “Public Will” is expressed. The dictum, “ Some are born to rule and others to obey.” is rejected. Abraham Lincoln once defined democracy as:
“Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the Earth.”
Democracy is a mechanism through which people choose their representatives by voting their political parties in a democratic country. The party which wins by the majority of the opposition in the “Legislative Assembly. In the assembly, important, issues are put up, discussed and decided by voting.
In a democratic system, people elect their own rulers. If they do not serve them well for one term, they will not be elected again. The ministers are responsible for the legislature and as soon as they lose trust, they are made to resign. Thus, a change in government is brought about by peaceful methods.
“The voice of the people is the voice of God”
In a civil society, democracy is the guardian of equality, liberty and the fundamental tighs of the people. It makes all the citizens interested in national affairs by giving them a feeling of participation and a sense of responsibility. Everyone enjoys freedom of thought, action and speech. The four pillars of democracy are the rule of law, freedom of opinion, freedom of association and freedom of the press. Bernard Shaw has defined democracy as:
“A social order aiming at the greatest available welfare of the whole population and not for a class.”
Unfortunately, democracy could not flourish in Pakistan because of political immaturity, economic insecurity and institutional instability. Sectarianism, illiteracy a caste system have deteriorated our social and political system. At the time of elections, the voters are either bribed or threatened to give their votes in favour of illegible and irresponsible candidates. Power is abused for the promotion of selfish ends. Corruption and favouritism are rampant. In this way, the lawmakers become law-breakers. Moreover, the continual military interventions also destabilize the democratic system of the country.
“The cure for the evils of democracy is more democracy.”
Dictatorship is the rule of one man who exercises absolute power. The dictators usually belong to well-organised political parties or the security forces of the country. They come to rescue the people but make them more miserable than before. In a dictatorship, the fundamental rights of civil society are suspended. Criticism is silenced and the opposition is ruthlessly suppressed. In this way, it creates frustration suffocation in society.
In spite of its demerits, democracy is a reasonable, useful and successful system of government. It is based on consent and not force, persuasion and not dictation. On the other hand, in spite of a few merits dictatorship is a curse to humanity.
“Democracy isn’t perfect, I just don’t know a better system.” (Winston Churchill)
2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Democracy Essay for Class 10, 2nd Year and Graduation
Democracy may be defined in the words of Abraham Lincoln:
“Government of the people, for the people and by the people.”
Thus democracy is a public kind of government. All classes of people from a layman to a lord take part in democracy. That is why this form of government is widely liked by nations all over the world. It is the most favourite form of government of this age. Many people like democracy for its favourable features. They are as follows.
Advantages of Democracy
Democracy impedes the way of cruel rulers. As people themselves elect their rulers, they do not vote for stern savages. They try to elect those people who are polite and cultured. Then these kind rulers ever try to solve the problems of their voters. They work for the welfare of the state.
Democracy prevents wars. War is a necessary evil. But in this age of nuclear weapons, a war would mean a wholesale killing of humans. Democratic rulers do not take the risk of wars. Rather they try to resolve their disputes through diplomatic dialogues. Thus democracy indirectly prevents wars.
Democracy brings about the prosperity of the state. The elected members of the ruling class know that they have come to the throne by the votes of the masses. Therefore, they try to satisfy their voters otherwise they know that people would not cast their votes in favour of them in the next election.
Democracy tends to foster human development. It works for the better health of the masses. It generates opportunities for education. It tries to enhance human facilities. It tries to promote better living conditions.
Democracy promotes political culture and democratic values. People know the power of their votes. They participate effectively in the political process. They make their views about the political policies of various political parties. They have got full right to accept or reject policy. Thus the democratic process is decided by the people and not by the political organizations.
Democracy safeguards the fundamental interest of people. It helps people to exercise their legal and political rights. It creates a sense of pride in the masses that they are living under the laws of their own choice. Thus, people become law-abiding. Democracy also creates an environment of political equality. All citizens enjoy equal rights and privileges.
Disadvantages of Democracy
Being popular is no guarantee for a thing to be asserted as good. So, we cannot say that democracy is the only form of good government. It has advantages as well as disadvantages. Some of the disadvantages of democracy are discussed below.
Democracy brings about inequalities in economic and social resources. People with greater resources naturally win the election and come to power. They influence the political system and the economic policies of the state to their advantage. Thus they hinder a satisfactory level of political equality. They try to oblige the workers of their political party. Thus democracy causes inequality and injustice.
Democracy is also dangerous when the majority of corrupt and dishonest people come into power. They misuse their powers and authority. They have won the election by the dint of their social status and wealth. Thus their first preference is to earn money many times greater than the money they have spent during the election.
If we analyze democracy from the point of view of our country, we come to know that it has never been successful in our country. The main reasons are lack of education, the lack of political sense and interruption from non-political elements. No government has ever been given a chance to run its affairs smoothly. But in spite of all this, if our political leaders pay some heed to the golden rules of Islamic democracy, they would be successful rulers indeed.
In this Essay, we discussed everything about the Advantages and Disadvantages of democracy. Furthermore, Essay on democracy is very important if you are preparing selective and choosey essays for 2nd year and graduation. You can also try Mobile Phone Essay.